Thailand National ICT Resources:
Click here for Thailand’s extensive Master Plan. It is relatively recent and provides the best overall descrpition of where Thailand stands today and the direction in which it hopes to move.
Author: Permanent Secretary of MICT
Thailand’s ICT Ministry does not very accessible on the internet. Check here.
Here is an article about the Smart Plan.
This is a website for Thailand’s ICT (not necessarily ICT4D!) community.
I used the resources provided in class for a lot of statistical information on Thailand’s ICT4D. I recommend this ITU report, as well as this global information report. Thailand’s resources regarding ICTs are quite transparent. The country is certainly working in this realm. Resources are in English. All the best!
I love learning about people, big ideas and cultures, and was not looking forward to taking a “techy” course. Reflecting back, this might be one of the most useful IDEV courses I have taken because as I have progressed through these years of school I have realized that while the ability to think critically and write stellar papers is lovely, practical skills come in handy too! This class challenged me to rise to the times through the use of the class blog, which unifies the students in the course, Twitter, which is most appropriate for the field of ICT4D and OpenSourceMapping, which was a perfect depiction of a way in which we could actually use ICT to make a bit of a difference.
I now realize that technology (ICTs) do not need to be equated to the fields of computer science, etc. We use them everyday, and so do our grandparents, young students, and people in towns and cities allover the world. Every notion of development entails some use of technology, it is just a matter of identifying what needs to be used. One of my favorite take-aways is that technologies are not necessarily what have the greatest impacts – it is more important how they are used and how they interact with the stakeholders involved. “Sexy” new technologies are usually not going to be the answer. This is where the human-portion comes to play. Who will be using it? For what purpose? Does it really contribute something positive or take away something negative in the beneficiaries’ lives? We must use and work with technologies to best provide what we can, but they should align with local needs and wants.
Another major point of the course for me was how ICT4D projects fail. I love the humbleness of the field. So many passionate individuals with real skills work to create a better future, but do so in a down-to-earth way. I will never forget the example of FailFare… more industries and circles of people should engage in such an event! What better way to learn than to hear firsthand from project leaders what they wish they could have known, done differently, etc.
One small addition to the curriculum could be the use of New Orleans as an example. We all love to call this city our home and know that examples of ICT4D-like projects are abound! Let’s see them, and then we will truly have the opportunity to link technology to development in our own backyards.
Linda Raftree’s article is a great resource for delving into the world of ICT4D professionals. In it, Jonathan Donner is mentioned for a debate in his post titled More letters, more problems, which seems to be a very fair response to the debate regarding the term used to describe this field. In this post he concludes that in the multifaceted field that is ICT4D, there should be frequent discussion of improvement. Reflection is key in making the practitioners of the field reflective, careful and precise in how they use terms to describe what they all work to do.
Jonathan Donner currently researches in the Technology for Emerging Markets group at Microsoft Research India, and specifically focuses on economic and social implications of the spread of mobile telephony in developing countries. He is also a visiting academic at the Hasso Plattner Institute for ICT4D Research at the University of Cape Town. His Ph.D was earned at Stanford in Communication Theory and Research, and he has been a post-doctoral research fellow at the Earth Institute at Columbia. His book, Mobile Communication (part of a Digital Media and Society Series) is about how the mobile phone has grown so popular in almost every society on earth, and are very useful tools, especially in the developing world. Additionally, he has a book titled mHealth in Practice. His blog is very pertinent to our ICT4D class and he can be followed as @jcdonner on Twitter.
This article, a resource Professor Ports gave to my “Health in ICT” presentation group, is a good case study on the topic of telemedicine. Telemedicine is defined as a healthcare delivery technology where physicians examine patients from distant locations using information technologies. It has been growing in popularity for many reasons because:
- there is a clear need/shortage of physicians
- poor infrastructure of clinics in general and access to them
- physician communication can be increased
As I mentioned in my sector presentation, sub-saharan Africa has less than 10 doctors per 100,000 people. In Ethiopia, for example, there are only 38 radiologists nation-wide, and 30 of them are in the nation’s capital. The country’s lack of infrastructure makes it difficult to provide healthcare as well, and often times when clinics are set-up in rural areas they are ill-equipped, according to the WHO. Since its inception, telemedicine has been able to reduce costs and provide optimal utilization of the healthcare system in many countries. This case study illuminates how telemedicine has been beneficial for cardiac patients, since they would not need to factor in as many travel costs. Other possible benefits of telemedicine may include:
- reduced direct and indirect costs to the healthcare sector, patients and providers
- enhanced equality among citizens, in terms of access to special medical services
- improved cooperation between specialized care and primary healthcare centers
- promote the proficiency of physicians and other healthcare practitioners through ICT trainings and conferences
There are many examples of telemedicine in Ethiopia and have been supported by many international organizations and NGOs. There are many stakeholders involved, including the patients, doctors, universities , IT workers, and government and development workers.
While it is true that telemedicine has made significant contributions to healthcare sector of Ethiopia, many major challenges do exist. There are cultural, economic, organizational and technical issues. One example is that, since there are not many specialists in the country to begin with, they do not have much time to set up these tele-sessions. The technologies might also be difficult for the doctors to use. Other obvious barriers to this method of healthcare include the absence of affordable and reliable telecommunications and the power infrastructure. Internet also costs a good deal of money, and might be delayed. With all of these challenges, there must be a strong commitment in order to make telemedicine more mainstream. In this article’s abstract it was expressed that the universities and higher education have a great role in assisting with these sorts of initiatives. How do you think universities can make lasting contributions to projects such as these? What do envision as the future of telemedicine?
I would like to use this post to discuss cell phone usage among young people in Cape Town, South Africa and respond to an article regarding the introduction of mobile-only internet in rural South Africa. While I studied at The University of Cape Town in 2011 I was surprised by the exclusiveness of those students who possessed blackberries. In Cape Town, I used a little Nokia”esque” brick-like phone and bought airtime for it at local supermarkets or convenience stores which were very close to my house. My South African friends laughed at me for this, as they all were attached to their blackberries, with MMS instead of SMS, and unlimited data for a very low cost.
There are, as we have seen in class, many articles and studies pertaining to mobile phone use. One specific article that struck me was this one, titled “Exploring Mobile-only Internet Use: Results of a Training Study in Urban South Africa” and appeared in the International Journal of Communication. As I mentioned, many young people I associated with in Cape Town used the internet on their handheld, mobile phones. In the case study in the article, using an ethnographic research approach, the studies explored the challenges and practices of using the internet on mobile phones in any area that does not usually have many accesses to many resources. The study gave 8 women (who did not already have personal computers) access to their own mobile phones with internet and exclaimed that, 6 months afterwards, the women stil actively used the mobile phones.
The article explains how mobiles “offer a confluence of portability, personal control, and flexibility that make them appealing, disruptive, and ubiquitous. Many hope that the mobile Internet, if widely used in the Global South, will combine the ubiquity of the handset with data access and will increase the productivity and agency of individuals and organizations. However, concrete evidence remains scarce.” Is this an appropriate technology?
This in-depth article seems to leave out the lens that we have grown to acquire in classes regarding development. Do the individuals the authors are talking of have access to recources for these intricate phones? Is it too complex? Is it sustainable, once the “project” is complete and other individuals wish to adopt these technologies?
Internet governance is a hot topic now, in this time before the International Telecommunication Union’s Dubai conference. At the conference, the principles governing the way international voice and data are trafficked will be discussed, in order to revise the 1988 global treaty.
The ITU (International Telecommunications Union) was founded in 1865 and is an arm of the UN today. As one of the oldest intergovernmental organizations, it wishes to remain relevant today and to develop technical standards to promote interconnectivity and improve telecommunication access for all. 193 ITU member states are invited to this conference, as well as some UN bodies and related IGOs.It should be noted that civil society, academics and technical representatives are absent.
As technology has created a sense of transparency and openness, ITU has remained closed.
Here are some of the changes the treaty might wish to bring about.
1. Hand over much more control to governments so they can more easily control internet use and legitimize more censorship.
2. ITU start regulating internet content anf have say on decisions regarding privacy.
3. Some countries wish to charge based on country borders.
4. The ITU might replace the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.
No government or IGO is able to make decisions fast enough to respond to the demands of the internet. How should it be regulated by organizations globally who relate it to the developments of their countries? The 1988 treaty is certainly out of date, but how should it be freshened?