Why do most ICT4D initiatives fail?

One of the summarized points of Chapter 2 in the Unwin textbook is “ICT’s have the potential either to increase inequalities or to reduce them depending on the social, political, and economic contexts within which they are introduced.”  In some cases,  ICT4D projects clearly have helped nations make huge strides in development.  According to UNESCO, however, the majority of ICT4D projects fail.  I’ve posted a link to a video produced by Dr. Clint Rogers which explains the top seven reasons why ICT4D may not be successful, summarized below.  The video shows interviews with people working on various developmental projects and poses significant questions about the sustainability of ICT projects.

Top 7 Reasons Why ICT4D Projects Fail:

1. Ideas/ Results are not directly tied to improving end user economic conditions.
2. Not relevant to the local/ context/ strength/ needs.
3. Not understanding infrastructure capability.
4. Underestimate maintenance costs and related issues.
5. Projects supported by only by short-term grants.
6. NOT looking at the whole system.
7. Project built on condescending assumptions.

What do you think about the significance of these issues? Are they relevant?  Are there any other problems you have read about or experience that you think should be included in this list?

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