One of the greatest challenges in ICT4D is a lack of infrastructure in the developing world. Electricity in particular proves an issue because many of the technologies need to be charged and in many developing areas access to electricity is limited. Therefore, in discussing how to use ICTs to successfully promote sustainable development, it is imperative to address the issue of electricity. There are many energy technologies that have serious potential in the developing world that are also good leave a minimal carbon footprint.
One of these technologies is hydrokinetic energy. Like solar and wind energy, it makes use of natural unlimited resources to produce electricity. Through this class we have already learned about some of the applications of solar panels in ICT4D in Kenya so it seems reasonable to look at other energy alternatives. Hydrokinetic energy uses current driven turbines in rivers streams or the ocean to generate energy. Unlike a dam, it is able to make use of the energy of water without changing the environment. It is more powerful and produces more energy than wind turbines and is often more reliable than solar energy (in the right locations, current is strong and 24hrs.) The infrastructure it requires in minimal and it is relatively inexpensive.
This technology has potential in the developing world. The company Hydro Alternative Energy, Inc. is planning a hydrokinetic development energy project in Durban South Africa. Extending electricity infrastructure in places like Durban would mean more people having access to electricity and therefore would be able to make use of ICTs and all of the potential benefits of those technologies. This could spur development. Water is everywhere and many regions and communities could make us of this technology. This could be either on a large national scale or even on a grassroots community scale.