In 2012, the World Economic Forum and INSEAD (the European Institute of Business Administration) created a report titled “The Global Information and Technology Report”. The goal of the report was to explore the impact of ICTs on productivity and development in varying countries. They collected data across time, through the Networked Readiness Index. This measures the “degree to which economies across the world leverage ICT for enhanced competitiveness”. Moreover, the hope is that stakeholders track their economy’s strengths and weaknesses. They have found that since 2002, the NRI has been mostly steady, which has allowed them to detect trends over time.
The report is divided into 4 parts.
- A conceptual framework of NRI and the findings
- Two case studies of efforts to develop ICTS: Azerbaijan and Mauritius
- Detailed profiles for 142 countries and their economies, including different country comparisons and different variables
- Data Tables for each of the 53 variables to compare different countries.
They concluded that Europe has the best efforts to leverage ICT to transform its economy and society, and the Nordic countries are the most successful countries in the entire world. Central and Eastern Europe have very mixed results — there are various characteristics and challenges. Of the Commonwealth of independent States, Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation, and Azerbaijan rank the highest, and have affordable access to iCT infrastructure. Asia and the Pacific region have some of the most innovative and digitized nations — and have 6 countries that are in the top 20 (Taiwan, china, the Republic of Korea, Hong Kong, New Zealand, Australia, and Japan. On the other hand, Latin America and the Carribean falls behind in adopting ICT and technology in general (although the exceptions are Barbados, Puerto Rico, Chile, and Uruguay).
For my country report, I researched ICTs in Argentina. This report was extremely helpful, as they have a multitude of data tables for almost every country. Argentina has no official ICT policy, so gathering data was an obstacle for my paper. But there are over 50 variables put into data tables — ranging from Mobile network coverage rate to Adult Literacy Rate to Impact of ICT on New Services and Products.