ICTs in Lesotho

Researchers everywhere are always updating and creating better ICTs in order to make life easier and faster for consumers. ICTs have changed in shape in size, especially important to note, becoming smaller and have increased performance capability. The transition from computers to mobile phones has already occurred, thanks to increasing Internet speed and capability. Operating systems have become more user-friendly as well.


Where did this all begin? Konrad Zuse created the first “computer” in 1936. Although the mobile phone was created long ago, it is unsure the exact date. The first mobile telephone calls were made in 1946 and weighed over 80 pounds. Electronic computers gave way ot the internet in the 1950s, but was not standardized until 1982. In that short time all of these devises have grown in use a tenfold. The social media boom began around 1995 and is now used for marketing and sharing all types of information.


Clearly, the use of ICTs in development has become increasingly necessary over the past 2 decades. ICTs have created a lot of improvements in the development system, especially in regards to mapping and location information. It is the goal of many ICT development programs the integrate the use of ICTs in developing countries with other programs. In Lesotho, for example, ICT use is low and the city is not equipped with ICT infrastructure. The country has just begun to take the necessary steps toward higher ICT access and usage, especially in schools. The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) eSchools Demo Project has focused attention on the potential benefits of ICTs in schools (skills to use internet/learn interactively). This program seeks to combat challenges of e-school scenarios, monitor the effectiveness of the program, and improve the provision of education in schools through ICT applications and the internet.


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