1) Chad’s National ICT Policy:REPUBLIQUE DU TCHAD: MINISTERE DES POSTES ET DES NOUVELLES TECHNOLOGIES DE LA COMMUNICATION
Here is Chad’s most recent ICT Policy
Last updated in May of 2007
Created by the Ministry of Posts and New Communication Technology
This document is written in French.
2) Here is the Ministries homepage.
Author: Ministry of Posts and New Communication Technologies. Date: August 2012
– This update was created by OAfrica.com and was last updated on 11/20/2010. Language: English
– This update was created by InfoDev and was last updated May 2007. Language: English
4) Finding the policy was actually very easy. The difficulty began when searching for appropriate updates. My updates listed are external opinions more than updates on the current status of ICT’s in Chad. The use of ICT’s on Chad has not been formally reported on in over 5 years so the policy I worked with is very outdated (but still provided a nice starting point).
In this article by “Web 2 for Dev”, the author discusses pros and cons of the kind of mapping we are about to engage in in our class. The author cites issues such as climate change and crisis situations as some of the positives. We have, of course, talked about this in class before and have analyzed how companies like Ushahidi work. The authors presents Google and Openstreet Maps as the front runners in mapping for developing countries and suggests that collaborative mapmaking would benefit the countries, and the users much more. The author raises concerns including privacy issues with the policies that Google sets out and “tension over indiscriminate online mapping over land ownership and resource use and control.” This is a very similar concern that the Homeland Security Professor presented: where do we draw the line between mapping to help those who can use these technologies, and breaching privacy?
In his article, Matthew Shaer notes the difficulties many countries in Africa have with brain drain. An estimated 20,000 professionals leave Africa each year to look for jobs in countries that are more economically successful. In an attempt to combat this brain drain, e-learning initiatives are being started to help connect students with the rest of the world while keeping their feet on the ground in Africa. “Since 1997, the Nairobi, Kenya–based African Virtual University has worked to improve access to web-based learning in sub-Saharan Africa,” and this will provide students all across that region with the type of resources the wish to find in the countries they are emigrating to. The courses provide a model called the “webinar,” which connects students and teachers through video and audio. These classes are intimate closely overseen so the teaching provided is as effective as possible.
There are some, like Conrad Coyanda-Parkzes, CEO of a telecom company called AccessPoint, who argue against these initiatives claiming that they are a band-aid solution to a very deeply rooted problem. Coyanda-Parkzes claims, “I don’t see enough lobbying for the basic stuff—electricity, the roads.” This is a great point, but at the end of the day, these students are experiencing and learning, which is something they have never done before – and that is what matters.