My case study is not on an organization or agency in New Orleans. Rather I explored research done by Richard Campanella, a geography professor at Tulane University. As a geographer, Professor Campanella does a wide variety of research that incorporates geography in some way. I chose to discuss his research on elevation and population capacity of above-sea-level New Orleans. The goal of Campanella’s research is to locate vacant lots situated at, or above, sea level and to determine how many people could relocate to higher ground using historical data of population densities. LIDAR elevation data shows that contrary to what many believe, over half of New Orleans lies at, or above, sea level. Since New Orleans is so prone to flooding and hurricanes, elevation is a natural resource that residents should utilize for protection from such disasters.
Professor Campanella discussed how a Geographic Informations System (GIS) is simply the most appropriate technology for his research. He uses GIS to help organize and analyze data and claims it really is the only technology he would consider using (however, he did alter it to suit his needs to some extent). As an expert in GIS mapping, Professor Campanella was extremely pleased with the results of his investigation and views it as a success.
This case study did not have any real stakeholders because Professor Campanella does all of his research for independent reasons. In this type of research, it is most logical to work solo or with a few people, as this creates the most efficiency. Professor Campanella had the assistance of two summer interns on this project, which totaled several weeks long. The beneficiaries of this study would include you, me, and everyone else living in New Orleans; Campanella’s paper was even featured on the cover of the Times Picayune to help bring attention to the issue. Professor Campanella commented that if he published his paper before Katrina, it would have gone unnoticed; Katrina was definitely a wake-up call. His conclusions show that, if developed for residential purposes, the vacant parcels of land located at, or above, sea level would allow for somewhere between 9,000 to 21,000 people to relocate to higher areas. While this discovery could potentially save citizens from having their homes destroyed in future disasters, collective action to relocate seems unlikely. Professor Campanella however, recommends implementing policies to encourage this migration.
FITTEST is an IT division of the World Food Programme (WFP) consisting of IT technical specialists from the UN that provide IT, telecommunications and electricity infrastructure to support humanitarian aid operations around the world. These experts are trained to work in high demanding and hostile conditions and work to provide most effective and efficient solution for the operation. fittest responds to emergency requests, such as wars, earthquakes, floods, or tsunamis, and can be ready to operate within 48 hours of the occurrence. Created in 1998, they have completed missions in 130 countries. In addition to responding to disasters, FITTEST also explores and documents how new and alternative solutions can be adopted for use for humanitarian needs.
In the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, FITTEST was present within 24 hours of the earthquake. Their primary focus was to establish basic voice and data communications for immediate relief. FITTEST remained in Haiti 6 months after the earthquake to establish connectivity in Haiti. The WFP now has shifted their focus to investing in the human capital in Haiti.
StatPlanet is an interactive mapping application with over 3000 indicators of data of the Millenium Development Goals. It’s aim is to “better visualize and communicate information to support evidence-based decision making”. It first came it to the public eye after winning the World Bank Apps for Development competition. It was developed independently by Frank Van Cappelle (a PhD student at the University of Melbourne). Since it gained public attention, the application has been used thoughout the world. While it was intended for non-profit organizations to map and visualize their data, it is now used by a wide variety of international organizations, global companies, education systems, governmental organizations, and UN organizations—including everything from the World Bank, and NASA to Dell, and Harvard.
This application was designed to be especially user-friendly to facilitate exploration and analysis of the indicators. The user has the ability to customize and compare the maps and graphs in many aspects and can even upload their own information and create your own maps. This feature is exceptionally beneficial because it allows other independent researchers or organizations to use and analyze their own data. Another very beneficial aspect of StatPlanet is that it is available in a wide variety of languages (including in Bahasa Indonesia, Danish, Dutch, English, French, German, Greek, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish), and can easily be copied and shared.
StatPlanet can be applied in the assessment and decision making in developmental projects. It’s extremely viable even in places with slow internet connectivity or no internet at all. It’s beneficial because it is very easy to use and visualize the data. Independent organizations can even upload their own data to assess and share. However, one problem with StatPlanet is that it obtains its data from such a wide variety of sources, that there is bound to be inconsistencies and incorrect findings. For example, one source listed was even Wikipedia! I feel that it would be more accurate if it obtained the data from just one source, or listed the source on the virtual map.
Overall StatPlanet is without a doubt an extremely useful tool that could be used to better implement development projects, or implement projects in the future.
UNESCO has created two CD-ROMs to be used as e-learning tools. One of the CD ROMS is directed to younger children from ages 3-13 and focuses on more basic language skills, mathematics, arts and graphics, computer literacy and Geography/astronomy. The second CD-ROM, which targets high school students, university students, educators and teacher trainers, concentrates on similar topics but on a more detailed level.
While this article doesn’t talk explicitly about the planned projection of this project, it could be easily implemented in any developing country that has access to computers. These tools could easily help facilitate learning, in places where other resources may be scarce. They could also be used to assist in teaching the students. Another benefit is that the CD-ROMs can be directly installed to a computer, therefore don’t require internet access and can be easily transferred to other computers.
To learn more about these CD-ROMs, click here.
Originally Posted on Blackboard by Julian Guelig
A Gulf Times article (no longer available online) highlights how Rural Development Academy (RDA) is currently implementing the “Good Seed Initiative” and “Women in Seed Entrepreneurship” in rural Bangladesh to help ultra poor women use ICT to start producing and processing quality seeds and connecting with the formal seed market. The learning process of these two projects is based on a digital system, where the women are shown a series of videos that educate and demonstrate the production, processing and marketing of seeds. The women are also provided with financial assistance from Swedish Development Co-operation. The programs further focuses on using the profit from selling the seeds to send their children to school in hopes of a brighter future.
This project stood out to me for its simple approach in using ICT. According to the article, the ICT used was simply a “digital system” and a series of videos to educate these women. This is a great example of the fact that ICT4D doesn’t necessarily need to be advanced in order to foster development. It is incredible that something as simple as producing and selling seeds can change the life of a woman living in rural Bangladesh.
A diabetes awareness mhealth program is underway in India. Communicating through SMS, it aims to connect one million consumers via mobile text messages in the next two years in order to raise awareness about diabetes and its prevention.With the ever growing population in India it is especially important to spread awareness of prevention of noncommunicable diseases.
Original Post by Julian Guelig
Originally Posted: September 18, 2011 5:58:02 PM CDT
By: Julian Guelig
Lifespring, a growing private hospital chain in India, is providing maternity and delivery care at just $100. Targeted to low-income families, it is allowing better care to poorer families for one-third to one-half the price of other hospitals in India. This article discusses how mobile phones have helped the health of over one billion women in the low/middle income countries. Phones enable health workers to keep track of high-risk patients and alert health workers when a women is being referred to a clinic or simply to remind patients to keep appointments. There are several innovative cell phone projects that aim to improve maternal and infant health. Cell-Life, for example, is a cell phone project in South Africa that reminds HIV patients to keep appointments and bring infants in for testing and treatment. Studies have shown that children under the age of 5 die from not being tested for HIV. While these programs have shown success, it is important to keep in mind the current infrastructure already in the country. For example, I believe it has been successful in South Africa, because already 80% of the population has access to mobile phones. While not explicitly mentioned in the Millennium development goals, this is just one of many examples of how ICT can help accomplish them by 2015.
Recently Mobileactive.org implemented a SMS Election Observations in Benin. They worked with the local election monitoring the use of mobile technology to report the election process. I think the success of this project can be attributed to their effort to use local organizations and utilizing technology that many were already familiar with. They also made the technology as simple as they could to appeal to the overall population. One challenge with implementing technology is that programs must be user-friendly and it seems that they did a sufficient job at achieving it.