Title: Zimbabwe National Information and Communication Technology Policy Framework
Author: Ministry of Science and Technology Development
Last Updated: December, 2005
Title: WSIS National e-Strategies for Development 2010 report
Authors: ITU Telecommunication Development Bureau and the ITU General Secretariat
Last Updated: 2010
Title:Measuring the Information Society
Author: International Telecommunications Union (non-governmental source)
Last Updated: 2011
Title: The Global Information Technology Report 2012
Author: World Economic Forum (non-governmental source)
Last updated: 2012
Title:The Global Information Technology Report 2010-2011
Author: World Economic Forum (non-governmental source)
Last updated: April, 2011
As far as I am concerned, the most salient lessons to be learned in ICT4D is that the applications of ICT needs to be localized in order to meet the actual needs of resolving concerned issues. A lot of times, we don’t actually need such advanced high technologies which are actually not human-centered. The focus of ICT4D should always on the people in targeted areas. On this point, I agree with pkrause439 that technology should be treated as a tool not a solution, especially in the case study of OLPC that we’ve learnt in class. This is something that I think I should always keep in mind as I learn to be a development professional in the future.
Besides, the concept of crowdsourcing has impressed me a lot. I personally believe it is a great tool in the trend of cloud computing to be applied and implemented more in our daily life, especially in the area of ICT4D. For example, if we combine this idea with the safety issues at Tulane, it could be a great initiative. By text messages and e-mail just like what Ushahidi did, everyone in the Tulane community can contribute to the virtualization of crime rates around campus, which would allow more protective action taken by the administration.
Learning from this class, I have gained the sense of how I can engaging in the field of development with the tool of technology. I’d love to learn more about crisis or emergency alert plans with ICT4D in the future semester.
I just read an article about the application of thin clients at Queen Margaret University as a green ICT case study. In this case, the project team used access to a remote desktop service, leveraging the thin-client infrastructure as an incentive, allowing users to log on from any computer, anywhere, and access all of their files and applications. They had made a successful major changeover of student PCs to thin-client and the remainder of staff PCs were migrated prior to the campus move in summer 2007.
Even though some educational resources such as complex audio editing cannot run on the thin client while the cost of building this infrastructure of thin clients is similar to standard PCs, overall it is a success in the long term because the lasting time of thin clients doubles the standard one and it saves the electricity at a huge amount.
I’m wondering if this idea will be applicable at Tulane. Because I don’t think it is wise to use the Mac computers with huge storage space just for daily browsing at the library. Since once we log out, all the files will be erased. Why do we need 250G for every single computer? Introducing thin clients may be a trend for the college technology advancement.
As we read this week that President Obama on Wall Street Journal suggests that we should take cyberattack threat seriously, I notice there is another concept called cyberwar. So when I look at some news articles, I notice that many U.S officials talk about cyberwar as well. They claim that a cyberwar is looming, which indicates that a catastrophic attack that would bring down power plants, derail trains, force airplanes to fall out of the sky and wreak massive havoc on the United States. Nevertheless, more and more security experts say that the threat of a “cyberwar” on the scale of a Pearl Harbor (which Mr. Ralph Russo also mentioned in class) is just cyber-hype. Cyber security is a booming business with billions of defense contracts at stake. And skeptics warns that the cyberwar doomsday scenarios intentionally hyped up by a coalition of major arms manufacturers, the Pentagon, and Internet security firms greedy for profit. So who is telling the truth? Do we, as individuals need to prepare for the cyberwar? From my experience of being a Internet geek with strong sense of cyber security, I see most of the time it is the lack of education in cyber-defense that makes individuals venerable to the expose of personal privacy and being used as part of the botnet. It is also some field where we can explore with ICT4D to make the internet benefit us instead of bringing a mess and another dangerous environment.
I just saw something on the news several days ago saying that the first online marketing system for livestock in Zimbabwe just came out last month. Now Zimbabweans can now buy and sell cattle online, which has brought farmer with more efficiency to trade animals at an industrial level.
The portal founder, Allister Banks said, “I have over 20 years’ experience in the livestock marketing industry and I know that I am up against a hundred years of tradition. The industry has relied on live cattle auctions but we are saying that does not have to be the case anymore, thanks to improvements in technology.”
Before that, the buyers had to physically go to farms or auctions to purchase livestock, and then transport the livestock on their own. Now they can just put up their cattle for sale on the website through a cellphone. From this case we see similar applications in Kenya about the mobile technology use in banking and business. Likewise, payments are also transferred through mobile payment systems.
I found an article “Africa Calling: Can mobile phones make a miracle?” on Boston Review by the economists Jenny Aker and Isaac Mbiti. Besides mentioning about the relationship between mobile phones and literacy, they talk about how mobile phones can promote the economic development in Africa.
Prior to the introduction of mobile phones, farmers, traders, and consumers had to travel a long way to markets. Lack of infrastructure, they needed to get over roads with poor conditions only for obtaining useful information such as price. Obviously, this kind of travel is time-consuming and costs a lot of money as well.
With the introduction of mobile phones, the information cost is lessend greatly. People can use SMS via mobile phones to get better and in-time information to take advantage of arbitrage opportunities by selling in different markets at different times of year, migrating to new areas, or offering new products.
Furthermore, mobile apps provide opportunities for disseminating market information, monitoring health care, and transferring airtime and money. In most cases these apps are developed by the private sector and then adopted and adapted throughout the development process. Projects in agriculture, health, education, and governance increasingly rely on the services uniquely available via mobile phones.