Category Archives: IDEV & ICT Resources

Morocco ICT Resources

1. National ICT Policy/Plan/Strategy

Digital Morocco is Morocco’s national ICT policy and was originally launched in 2004 by the Ministry of Industry, Trade, and New Technologies. The current plan is Digital Morocco 2013. The policy was originally in French, but the current policy is in English.

2. Government Websites/webpages:


3. Case Study:


Organization: GENIE Program’ (GENeralization of Information Technologies and Communication in Education in Morocco)

(USAID and National Telecommunications Regulatory Agency/ANRT)

Time Frame: 2005- Present

4. Other Non-Government Resources:



c. (Morocco)

5. Morocco is a very interesting nation to study ICTs and it certainly helps to know some french!



Peru ICT4D Resources

1. The National ICT Strategy in Peru is called Perú: Plan Nacional Estratégico de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación para la Competitividad y el Desarrollo Humano 2006-2021

Created by Jesús Hurtado Zamudio and last updated on July 5, 2012 (Language: Spanish)

Report from the President, Dr. Benjamín Marticorena, of CONCYTEC (Language: Spanish)

2. Administration by the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Tecnológica (Language: Spanish)

3. Tortas Perú is an ongoing project, a website and network run by Maria del Carmen Vucetich with participants of many Peruvian women.

As told by The Christian Monitor and The Information Technologies and International Development Journal

4. Other resources:

Journal of Technology Management and Innovation

Business Monitor International: Peru Information Technology Report

The Global Information Technology Report

5. Finding resources for Peru was not incredibly hard, as long as you are able to read Spanish.  As the ICT field  grows in Peru I expect they will have more resources with which to work. Especially updates on the plan that extends to 2021.

Rwanda ICT4D Resources

1.) National Information and Communications Infrastructure (NICI)

The national ICT policy in Rwanda was enacted by the Republic of Rwanda Ministry of Youth & ICT in an effort to become a knowledge-based society. The current phase of the plan, NICI III or NICI 2011-2015, was enacted in 2011 and has not been updated since. PDF files of NICI I-III are available at the link provided, all of which are published in English.


2.) Ministry of Youth & ICT

Rwanda combines Youth Development with ICTs under one governing Ministry. This is the ministry responsible for overseeing Rwanda’s national ICT policy. However the Ministry also indicates partnerships with the Rwanda Development Board and Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Agency.


3.) Non-Government Resources

The Rwanda ICT Chamber is a great resource because it is a member of the Private Sector Federation (PSF) that acts as an agent to support ICT sector development .

I also found IST-Africa to be very helpful, as they provide a lot of information and resources regarding African nations’ ICT policies, initiatives and research.


4.) Notes

Coming from a large, knowledge-based society it can be difficult to gather research from a very small, developing nation. You’re not going to find exact numbers and information will be ambiguous at times. Be patient. This may seem trivial, but make sure you use search engines like Google Rwanda rather than Google alone. This well help you sort through a lot of useless information and deliver you a few reliable .rw results rather than a ton of questionable .com results.

Chile ICT4D Resources

National ICT Policy:

Agenda Digital Imagina Chile, 2013-2020
Language: Spanish
Published By: Executive Secretary of Digital Development
Date: May 17, 2013
Notes: provides a detailed description of Chile’s national ICT development strategy for 2013 to 2020, not yet available in English

Digital Development Strategy, 2007-2012
Language: English
Published By: Ministry of Economics, Committee of Ministers for Digital Development
Date: December 2007
Notes: provides a detailed description of Chile’s national ICT development strategy for 2007 to 2012, program before Imagina Chile


Government Websites:

Ministry of Economy – Government website for the Chilean Ministry of the Economy, Development, and Tourism (Spanish)
Executive Secretary of Digital Development – Government website for the Executive Secretary of Digital Development and the Sub-Secretary of Telecommunications; includes section about Chile’s digital development and ICT strategies (Spanish)
Digital Development Documents Center – Direct link to the Document Center on the Executive Secretary of Digital Development’s website; archives and categorizes documents produced by the government and NGOs pertaining to ICT development and national policy/strategy (Site in Spanish, most documents in Spanish but several in English)


Case Study:

Enlaces, Center of Education and Technology
Agency: Ministry of Education
Time Frame: 1990’s to present

ICT in Education Policy and Practice in Chile: Does it Correlate?
Authors: Mario Brun and J. Enrique Hinostroza
Agency: Institute for ICT in Education, University of La Frontera
Date Published: 2008


External Resources:

Digital Agenda Chile 2013-2020 Summary
Language: English
Organization: Pais Digital Foundation
Notes: provides a brief outline of each section in the Agenda Digital Imagina Chile report and the stated strategies, lines of action, initiatives, indicators, current data, and specific goals


The Digital Development Strategy published by the Chilean government is extremely detailed and available in English. However, this only covers the country’s strategy for 2008 to 2012. The government has created a new ICT development program to begin where the Digital Development Strategy ends, titled Digital Agenda Imagine Chile. This report is also extremely long and detailed, however, it is not available anywhere in English yet (as far as I can tell). I would have preferred to use the new Imagine Chile report to analyze the country’s current strategies for 2013-2020 but I do not have the skills to translate the entire document. I was able to find a PDF published by the Pais Digital Foundation which provides a brief summary in English of the Imagine Chile report. Hopefully, the government will soon publish an English version of the report.

Ghana ICT4D Resources

1. Ghana ICT4AD Policy  This policy was last updated in June 2003. Ghana’s ICT4AD policy is written in English. The Ministry of Communications drafted the policy.

2. The Ministry of Communications is responsible for implementing Ghana’s ICT4AD policy.

3. The Ghana Senior Schools Connectivity Project was an initiative of  USAID and The Ministry of Education and Global E-Schools and Communities Initiative (GESCI). Information about GESCI can be obtained in Ghana’s ICT for Education Policy, from November 2008. The Ghana Senior Schools Connectivity Project ran from August 2012 to July 2013.

4.  National E-Strategies for Development Global Status and Perspectives 2010, International Telecommunications Union. 

The PanAfrican Research Agenda on the Pedagogical Integration of ICTs, The OECD World Forum

Ghana ICT Sector Performance Review 2009/2010, Godfred Frempong. Sponsored by Research ICT Africa

The Global Information Technology Report 2012: Living in a Hyperconnected World, World Economic Forum

5.  Ghanians primarily speak English; therefore, it was simple to find research on their ICT policies. While the ICT4AD policy is a little outdates at this point, further research indicates that progress has made, especially in the realm of education. A separate policy briefing (linked above) explains Ghana’s goals for ICTs in education. 

Benin ICT4D Resources

National ICT Policy

Benin ICT Sector Performance Review 

Last updated: 2010

Organization: Research ICT Africa

Language: English

Notes: Research ICT Africa is based out of Cape Town, South Africa and conducted a study of the situation of Benin’s ICT sector. The results were published in this review.

Government website: Minister of ICT (MCITC)

Komi Kutche

Language: French (translated to English)

Last updated: continuously

Case Study

Organization: Africa Rice

Time Frame: 1971-present

Other external resources

Benin’s 2014 Index of Economic Freedom

Note: This resource was useful in understanding the country’s business sector.

PanAfrican Research Agenda on the Pedagogical Integration of ICT

Author: Joseph Tamukong

Finding resources proved easy enough, but the range of studies and resources was lacking. Resources focusing on West Africa were more common than specifically Benin. These were useful in comparing Benin with its neighboring countries. Overall, I was pleased with the amount of resources available considering the country’s small size and lack of global attention.


Lessons In ICT4D

One of the key problems with most International Development programs  is the lack of government involvement. In our class we studied several case studies that failed due to this oversight. Though in most cases this may be the most frustrating and difficult channels to get through, the government is essential when it comes to necessary policy changes. This is most clear in cases of gender rights for females in IDEV, who often are restricted by laws to have the same or equal rights to men. Without the government it is often hard to truly see lasting results. As development continues to exhibit innovative ways to get past these barriers, no matter how small, the government will eventually get involved, and this is crucial to secure any lasting positive results. Additionally, governments can be great sources of funding for projects that they support.


In our last class we discussed best practices in ICT and it was enlightening to see that we came up with more best practices than worse.  As a class we illustrated that it is much more crucial to focus on what must be done and the right way to accomplish it instead of focusing on all of the things to avoid (which can really diminish the goals of the project) Most times a project fails is when it is a top-down approach, that doesn’t truly consider the intended audience. Bottom up approaches whereby the language, culture, religion and everything henceforth is considered creates a project capable of having the power to create significant positive changes. Bottom up approaches include many of the best practices we highlighted including, as stated above, government involvement, transparency, online AND offline access and monitoring and evaluating.