Category Archives: National Policy & Strategy

Morocco ICT Resources

1. National ICT Policy/Plan/Strategy

Digital Morocco is Morocco’s national ICT policy and was originally launched in 2004 by the Ministry of Industry, Trade, and New Technologies. The current plan is Digital Morocco 2013. The policy was originally in French, but the current policy is in English.

2. Government Websites/webpages:


3. Case Study:


Organization: GENIE Program’ (GENeralization of Information Technologies and Communication in Education in Morocco)

(USAID and National Telecommunications Regulatory Agency/ANRT)

Time Frame: 2005- Present

4. Other Non-Government Resources:



c. (Morocco)

5. Morocco is a very interesting nation to study ICTs and it certainly helps to know some french!




China ICT4D Resources

China is not a country that has explicitly laid out its plans for information and communications technologies development, but they have published a few documents that outline some of the ways they plan to improve these areas of development. The closest document they have to a ICT4D policy is called, “China’s Informatization Strategy and its Impact on Trade in ICT Goods and ICT services”, was published by the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and General Office of the State Council of China in 2006. China’s 5 year plans published by the National People’s Congress, most recently published in 2010, also contain some information related to ICTs.

Government Publications:

China’s Informatization Strategy

China’s 12th 5-Year Plan can be found by searching for it, but is only available in downloadable .pdf files

Other Agency and Organization Publications:

Rural Informatization in China can be downloaded from the World Bank. This is a working paper, so new versions are published when major changes need to be made.

IDC’s Top 10 Predictions for China’s ICT Market in 2014 and Beyond is a press release from a data analysis company highlights some of the more important indicators and what they might mean for the future.


Remember that the Chinese government is not keen on publishing documents that are clear in their intentions or expectations. So, market trends, data indicators, and other sources of information are the best way to understand China’s relationship with ICT4D’s.

Sri Lanka ICT4D Resources

1. ICT Policy last updated January 8, 2010, “Policy and Procedures for ICT Usage in Government (e-Government Policy).  Written by the Information and Communication Technology Agency of Sri Lanka (ICTA), published in English.   This policy outlines the application of ICT4D for development via Sri Lanka’s government endeavors.

2. “e-Sri Lanka: Smart People Smart Island” ICTA

3. “e-Sri Lanka: Transforming a Nation through Information Communication Technology”.  Published by ICTA in 2010.  PDF linked article, “e-Society and Researching the Rural Poor through Tele/Knowledge Centers- Nensalas”.  Project conducted through “e-Sri Lanka” involving installation of telecommunication centers throughout rural Sri Lanka and other ICT4D endeavors in the nation.

4. World Summit Award Article, World Summit Award: Smart e-Content for Smart People. 

Kevin Donovan’s “ICT4E in India and South Asia- Sri Lankan Country Study.”

5. I found it very easy to find resources on Sri Lanka thanks to it’s extensively published e-policies online. Sri Lanka has partnered with the World Bank to create a well-developed “e-agenda” that has been a great success over the past 8 years, and is a good example of a nation working towards development through ICT4D successfully.

Ecuador ICT4D Resources

1. ICT Policy layout written in 2007 in English by Valerie Betancourt from GIS. Note: This is an analysis and lay out the policy, the White Paper, but I am unable to find an online link of this specific document in Spanish or English. The White Paper Was written by CONATEL in 2006.

2. CONATEL and SENATEL wrote the White Paper in collaboration with each other.

3. Case Study: Conserving Ecuador’s Mangroves with ICT’s, project by C-CONDEM, and the project has already gone through a phases and is currently in independent continuation with GIS.

4. GIS analysis of policy (linked above), ITU’s National e-Strategies for Development Global Status and Perspectives Report 2010

5. There were certain thing that were pretty easy to find for Ecuador, but this was mostly broad statistics and information. My biggest struggle, however, was not necessarily finding information, but finding current information. I really did not find much after the year of 2007 or 2008, making it difficult to evaluate the current ICT situation of the country.

Zimbabwe ICT4D Resources

 1.  National ICT Policy/Plan/Strategy

a. Zimbabwe Ministry of Information Communication Technology Strategic Plan (MICT Strategic Plan)

Last Updated: February 8, 2013

Published by: Ministry of ICT

Language: English

b. Zimbabwe National ICT Policy Framework

Last Updated: February 8, 2013

Published by: Ministry of ICT

Language: English

2. Government Websites/webpages:

a. Ministry of ICT, Postal, and Courier Services

3. Case Study:

a. Sharing Local Content in Local Voices

Organization: Practical Action

Time Frame: initially from October 2008 to March 2009 (now permanent)

Language: English

4. Other Non-Government Resources:
(I’ve only included resources that the last Zimbabwe project, TIM0603, didn’t)

a.   Digital Economy Rankings 2010: Beyond E-Readiness

Last Updated: June 2010

Published by: Economist Intelligence Unit

Language: English

b. Country and Lending Groups

Last Updated:

Published by: The World Bank

Language: English, Arabic, Mandarin

Yemen ICT4D Resources

1. There is no official national ICT policy for Yemen. However, there is a national ICT policy for higher education. The most recent version I could find is from December 2004 and is written in English. The documented was created during a Future Search Conference and was compiled by stakeholders from several Yemeni universities.

2. Since there is no national ICT policy, there is no administrative organization directly responsible. However, there is a website for the Yemeni Ministry of  Communications and Information Technology. The website is in Arabic.

3. My case study was on NetHope, an ongoing communication initiative for humanitarian organizations. Their website is full of useful information.


5. The lack of an official national ICT strategy posed a lot of difficulties. There is good information about access to technology and related statistics, but information about government involvement is difficult to come by.

Côte d’Ivoire ICT4D Resources

 National ICT Policy/Plan/Strategy

NICI, National Information Communication Infrastructure, is Côte d’Ivoire’s national ICT policy and was launched in 1999. The final plan was approved by the Council of Ministers in July 2000 and targeted the development of an integrated and comprehensive national strategy through 2005. The policy was written in French with a title of “Plan de développement de l’Infrastructure Nationale de l’Information et de la Communication 2000 – 2005” and many government agencies worked together on the project, including the Ministries of Agriculture, Education, Economy and Finance, Health, Commerce, Planning and Development and the Prime Minister.


Government Resources

In order to ensure that this project was implemented properly and future ICT development projects, the Côte d’Ivoire government established a Ministry of Communication and Information Technology. This link provides information on the National Assembly of Côte d’Ivoire, which oversees the passing and implementation of laws and programs in the country.


External Resources

UNECA, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, provides some invaluable resources on the West Africa sub-region as well as Côte d’Ivoire itself. A journal published by UNECA in 2007 does not provide any information on Côte d’Ivoire but it has some important material about various national ICT policies and e-strategies adopted by various West African countries. This is applicable to my country because the Côte d’Ivoire might need to do more and copy the lead of their neighbors in developing their ICT policies.


ECOWAS, the Economic Community of West African States, was also a useful tool in gathering information for my country and learning about the economic developments in the region. The webpage provides some good knowledge on how the member states are developing economically and how they are using communication and information technology to do this.


Lastly, American University provides a lot of resources on the landscape of information technology in Côte d’Ivoire, including pages on the national ICT policy, e-commerce, e-government, the IT sector and telecommunication developments.



The resources that were provided on the class page were sufficient enough in providing information and rankings on ICT policies. But specific information, because Côte d’Ivoire is a francophone country and does not have a strong ICT sector, was hard to come by. The fact that their most recent national ICT policy available online is from 2000 shows that the country lags behind in ICT developments and therefore it was quite difficult to find the proper resources for this.