Tag Archives: Cote d’Ivoire

Côte d’Ivoire ICT4D Resources

 National ICT Policy/Plan/Strategy

NICI, National Information Communication Infrastructure, is Côte d’Ivoire’s national ICT policy and was launched in 1999. The final plan was approved by the Council of Ministers in July 2000 and targeted the development of an integrated and comprehensive national strategy through 2005. The policy was written in French with a title of “Plan de développement de l’Infrastructure Nationale de l’Information et de la Communication 2000 – 2005” and many government agencies worked together on the project, including the Ministries of Agriculture, Education, Economy and Finance, Health, Commerce, Planning and Development and the Prime Minister.

 

Government Resources

In order to ensure that this project was implemented properly and future ICT development projects, the Côte d’Ivoire government established a Ministry of Communication and Information Technology. This link provides information on the National Assembly of Côte d’Ivoire, which oversees the passing and implementation of laws and programs in the country.

 

External Resources

UNECA, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, provides some invaluable resources on the West Africa sub-region as well as Côte d’Ivoire itself. A journal published by UNECA in 2007 does not provide any information on Côte d’Ivoire but it has some important material about various national ICT policies and e-strategies adopted by various West African countries. This is applicable to my country because the Côte d’Ivoire might need to do more and copy the lead of their neighbors in developing their ICT policies.

 

ECOWAS, the Economic Community of West African States, was also a useful tool in gathering information for my country and learning about the economic developments in the region. The webpage provides some good knowledge on how the member states are developing economically and how they are using communication and information technology to do this.

 

Lastly, American University provides a lot of resources on the landscape of information technology in Côte d’Ivoire, including pages on the national ICT policy, e-commerce, e-government, the IT sector and telecommunication developments.

 

Notes

The resources that were provided on the class page were sufficient enough in providing information and rankings on ICT policies. But specific information, because Côte d’Ivoire is a francophone country and does not have a strong ICT sector, was hard to come by. The fact that their most recent national ICT policy available online is from 2000 shows that the country lags behind in ICT developments and therefore it was quite difficult to find the proper resources for this.

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Gender Inequality in Côte d’Ivoire

In class today, we had a presentation on gender inequality by Keshet Bachan, a gender equality expert from Israel. Among her talking points, Bachan noted that there are many forms of violence against adolescent woman, including trafficking and prostitution, and that many women who come from poor backgrounds are vulnerable to this sort of violence.

In my country papers for this class, I researched the Francophone West African state of Côte d’Ivoire. Through this research and my interest in this nation, I have learned that it lags behind many of its neighbors in the different ICT sectors and that there is much gender inequality in the state. The government does not invest much money, if any at all, in women’s education or fertility. And along those lines and echoing Bachan’s presentation, female mutilation/cutting is a common practice. UNICEF defines female mutilation as “the partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons.” This is particularly a problem in Cote d’Ivoire where a national law was adopted in 1998 to criminalize the activity. It is a problem among people who do not have access to education, the Muslim population and the Voltaïques and Northern Monde ethnic groups, where over 70% of the women are mutilated. Genital mutilation is not only a problem for the obvious reasons of discriminating against and suppressing women, but it also leads to child mortality and makes it easier for adolescent women to contract HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases.

Genital mutilation in Côte d’Ivoire is a form of social integration and sometimes a required religious ritual of purification. Seeing that female mutilation was in direct conflict with four of the Millennium Development Goals, (MDG 3: promoting gender equality & empowering women, MDG 4: reducing child mortality, MDG 5: improving maternal health, MDG 6: combatting HIV-AIDS, malaria and other diseases) UNICEF has begun to take action to safeguard human rights in the country. Through advocacy for women’s rights, gender equality and access to education, UNICEF has been able to raise awareness about the issue and help curtail genital mutilation. They have also used nationwide technology campaigns on radio television and mobile phones to establish child protection networks and to empower adolescent and adult women. Between 2000 and 2006, national genital mutilation dropped in females from 44% to 36.4% in direct response to these radio and television campaigns. While we in the United States may scoff at the power that radio has to bring people together and raise awareness about issues, because we are so engulfed with social media and smartphones, radio is showing in Côte d’Ivoire that it is a reliable strategy to achieving gender equality in developing countries.