Tag Archives: ICT Policy/Plan/Strategy

China ICT4D Resources

China is not a country that has explicitly laid out its plans for information and communications technologies development, but they have published a few documents that outline some of the ways they plan to improve these areas of development. The closest document they have to a ICT4D policy is called, “China’s Informatization Strategy and its Impact on Trade in ICT Goods and ICT services”, was published by the General Office of the CPC Central Committee and General Office of the State Council of China in 2006. China’s 5 year plans published by the National People’s Congress, most recently published in 2010, also contain some information related to ICTs.

Government Publications:

China’s Informatization Strategy

China’s 12th 5-Year Plan can be found by searching for it, but is only available in downloadable .pdf files

Other Agency and Organization Publications:

Rural Informatization in China can be downloaded from the World Bank. This is a working paper, so new versions are published when major changes need to be made.

IDC’s Top 10 Predictions for China’s ICT Market in 2014 and Beyond is a press release from a data analysis company highlights some of the more important indicators and what they might mean for the future.

 

Remember that the Chinese government is not keen on publishing documents that are clear in their intentions or expectations. So, market trends, data indicators, and other sources of information are the best way to understand China’s relationship with ICT4D’s.


Lessons from a Semester in ICT4D

 

Perhaps the most resonant lesson that I learned this semester is the line between donor facilitation and donor imposition. In the last few years, I have become increasingly disenchanted with the current digital society. I have watched everyone around me become more and more attached to technology. In response, I have clung to the bare essentials. I still have a flip-phone. I had never, before this class, even considered using Twitter or WordPress. Some people call me old-fashioned, others call me resistant to chance. Perhaps both are true.

When I think about this shift, this growing attachment disorder, I am hesitant to bring such a movement everyone. The fact is, individuals in less developed countries consistently report higher happiness than those in developed countries. There is something beautiful about living unplugged, living in close relationship to the natural world. At the beginning of this semester, I would often ask myself, “Is development inherently good? While technological advancement increases convenience of daily affairs, does it contribute, in the long run, to happiness? Do we truly want to saturate indigenous societies with technology? Would it truly increase welfare and/or enlightenment?” My inclination to all of these questions is…no.

What I have learned this semester, however, is that it is not my place to make these value judgments. In class, we had many debates on the subject of facilitation vs. imposition, and I was forced to reconsider my selfish desire to shield developing countries from technological over-stimulation. What I realized, in the end, was that I was attempting to integrate and impose my personal ideology into development. As a development practitioner, my priority should be facilitation, equipping those in need with valuable technologies. People have the right to use technologies as they see fit. The bottom line is that these technologies have vast potential for empowerment and social justice, and it is not ethical for me to withhold such technologies because of my personal interpretation of their side-effects. As a development expert, one should put the tools for success in the hands of the people and respect local sovereignty. The choice of how these tools are used is out of my hands.


United Republic of Tanzania National ICT Resources

1. National ICT Policy/Plan/Strategy:

NATIONAL INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES POLICY

Created: March 2003 (part of “The Tanzania Development Vision 2025”)

Created By: The Ministry of Communications and Transport

Language: English

The Tanzania Development Vision 2025: This government website explains Tanzania’s overall vision for development in general, but it also states specifics about the ICT sector.

Tanzania ICT Sector Performance Review 2009/2010: This is a more recent, non-government document that reviews how Tanzania is doing in terms of their ICT sector for 2009/2010.

Authors: Mary Materu-Behitsa and Bitrina D. Diyamett

4. Helpful Notes:

The above documents hold very valuable information for your papers. The National information and communications technologies policy is the most important document, as it will provide you with all of the information you are responsible for in your first paper. It is long but very thorough. You will be able to sufficiently write the paper by using this document, but you must read the document in its entirety.