Tag Archives: ITU

Ecuador ICT4D Resources

1. ICT Policy layout written in 2007 in English by Valerie Betancourt from GIS. Note: This is an analysis and lay out the policy, the White Paper, but I am unable to find an online link of this specific document in Spanish or English. The White Paper Was written by CONATEL in 2006.

2. CONATEL and SENATEL wrote the White Paper in collaboration with each other.

3. Case Study: Conserving Ecuador’s Mangroves with ICT’s, project by C-CONDEM, and the project has already gone through a phases and is currently in independent continuation with GIS.

4. GIS analysis of policy (linked above), ITU’s National e-Strategies for Development Global Status and Perspectives Report 2010

5. There were certain thing that were pretty easy to find for Ecuador, but this was mostly broad statistics and information. My biggest struggle, however, was not necessarily finding information, but finding current information. I really did not find much after the year of 2007 or 2008, making it difficult to evaluate the current ICT situation of the country.


Argentina ICT4D Resources

Post Title: [COUNTRY NAME] ICT4D Resources

Post Content:

1. Status of ICT Policy Development. Country Report Argentina. http://www.pro-ideal.eu/drupal/sites/default/files/D5.1_Status_of_ICT_policy_development_Country_report_Argentina.pdf. It was last updated in 2011.  Written in English.  It was created and published by pro-ideal.edu.

2. See above.

3.  http://svacademia.com/indices/digital-economy-ranking/

http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Documents/publications/mis2013/MIS2013_without_Annex_4.pdf

http://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Documents/publications/mis2012/MIS2012_without_Annex_4.pdf 

http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/publications/idi/

http://www.bnamericas.com/news/telecommunications/ict-development-index-2013-latam-winners-and-losers

http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GITR/2013/GITR_Chapter1.1_2013.pdf

4.  All relevant websites and sources are in listed in the links presented above.

5.  It was relatively difficult to find information regarding ICT Development progress in Argentina because the country lacks a unified, agreed upon report.  There are organizations, as the ones presented above that are not affiliated with the government that have goals to track the progress of ICT use and implementation in Argentina starting in 2011.


Honduras ICT4D Resources

  1. The Honduran National ICT Policy is a PDF file that I cannot attach here. It is the first result when Googleing “Honduras National ICT Plan.” The file is in both English and Spanish and was published by a coalition of Korean governmental agencies and universities on behalf of the Honduran government in 2012.
  2. The only official governmental mention of ICT that I could find was a presentation by the office of the vice president titled “ICT & e-Government in Honduras.” The entire presentation is in Spanish.
  3. Girls in ICT Day– An event hosted by La Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones- CONATEL in coordination with the ITU Area Office for Central America, Mexico, Dominican Republic and Cuba. The most recent event took place on April 26, 2012.
  4. A 2010 ITU report briefly mentioned Honduras but mostly provided background information.
  5. It was quite difficult to gather information on the ICT sector of Honduras. The government posted virtually nothing online and outside sources, such as the ITU report listed above, did not provide much information about the situation in Honduras.

Mexico ICT4D Resources

1.  The National ICT policy written 2013 by President Nieto, the document was an important step in Mexico’s ICT development . It was written officially by the office of the president and is all in Spanish. Here is another great page about the plans expected effects.

There WAS also a very important project to increase the amount of ICT’s in use by Mexican citizens called compuapoyo . It was very successful and allowed mexican citizens to purchase ICT’s at reduced prices.  Here is a video explaining

2.  Mexico’s ICT policy is overseen by the office of the president here

3. There are important non- official programs and NGO’s in Mexico that are integral to the ICT process:

The NGO that is very involved is called CUDI, it is involved in connecting Mexico’s schools, research centers, cities, and libraries. This organizations is so far very successful and has already laid down 8,000 KM of cable.

Two great newspaper article sabout the new national policy here and here

4. The resources for Mexico are relatively easy to find but they all in Spanish.  Mexico is also an interesting country to pick because they are really taking their ICT development seriously

YOU MUST AT LEAST KNOW BASIC SPANISH (on at least the 2030 level). If you know Spanish but are not fluent I would recommend this website as the best translator that is free on the internet Spanish Translator

 


Iran ICT4D Resources

1. National ICT Policy/Plan/Strategy:  While no official Iranian ICT policy has been published these reports offer a comprehensive overview of ICT projects in the country.

The new Iranian government elected in 2013 has been working with the ITU to draft a comprehensive plan for the future.

Here is a press release that outline the general goals for the 2016-2019 plan. Public Consultation on the proposed draft text of the ITU 2016-2019 Strategic Plan

Last Update: April 2014

Language: English

The International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran has also complied this report of newly elected President Rouhani’s campaign promises, many of which revolve around ICT policy.

Last Update: August 2013

Language: English

 

2. Relavent Government Websites

The Ministry of ICT oversees the majority of the ICT development projects in Iran. News about there projects and organization can be found here.

The Supreme Council of  ICT is the body which drafts policies about what is appropriate on the Internet and drafts government technology policy.

*The website is in Persian but a google translated version can be found here.

3. Case Study: 

National Program on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL)

Funded through Iranian Ministry of Human Resource and Development with the cooperation of Iranian universities.

Time Frame: 2000-Present

4. Non-governmental Resources:

Reporters Without Borders

Enemies of the Internet Report: Iran 

Small Media

Internet Infrastructure and Policy Report which is updated every one to two months with recent progress in Iran.

Notes: 

Information published by the Iranian government is often unreliable especially when it come to a controversial topic such as Internet access. The government wants to portray its projects as complete successes and rarely allows independent evaluation of its development work. However, the many international watchdog groups which monitor Iran have access to enough information to paint an accurate picture of Iranian ICT capabilities. As I was researching for these posts the most reliable information was almost always found through groups such as, Small Media or Reporters Without Borders, over Iranian government publications or UN reports which rely on self reporting.


Ghana ICT4D Resources

1. Ghana ICT4AD Policy  This policy was last updated in June 2003. Ghana’s ICT4AD policy is written in English. The Ministry of Communications drafted the policy.

2. The Ministry of Communications is responsible for implementing Ghana’s ICT4AD policy.

3. The Ghana Senior Schools Connectivity Project was an initiative of  USAID and The Ministry of Education and Global E-Schools and Communities Initiative (GESCI). Information about GESCI can be obtained in Ghana’s ICT for Education Policy, from November 2008. The Ghana Senior Schools Connectivity Project ran from August 2012 to July 2013.

4.  National E-Strategies for Development Global Status and Perspectives 2010, International Telecommunications Union. 

The PanAfrican Research Agenda on the Pedagogical Integration of ICTs, The OECD World Forum

Ghana ICT Sector Performance Review 2009/2010, Godfred Frempong. Sponsored by Research ICT Africa

The Global Information Technology Report 2012: Living in a Hyperconnected World, World Economic Forum

5.  Ghanians primarily speak English; therefore, it was simple to find research on their ICT policies. While the ICT4AD policy is a little outdates at this point, further research indicates that progress has made, especially in the realm of education. A separate policy briefing (linked above) explains Ghana’s goals for ICTs in education. 


Real Life ICT Successes with Disaster Management

In class we have been talking a lot about different technologies and different ways that they can help not only in development, but in different aspects of our lives. Last week we also talked about a lot of failures that ICT projects have faced, so I wanted to find some examples of where ICTs made a huge difference in helping, or where ICTs could have helped and made it even better. The ITU released a report in 2008 that outlined the role of Telecommunications and ICTs in disaster management. This report was originally made for a conference in Southern and Eastern Africa to outline the benefits of ICTs in disaster management.

One of the examples highlighted in the report was the importance of ICTs during the reconstruction after the floods in Zambia. After the floods the ITU set up 25 satellite terminals to help restore communication in Zambia after houses, schools, and roads were destroyed. These satellite terminals were integral in the rebuilding and relief efforts because without them communication between different effected areas would have been nearly impossible.

The report also outlines how ICTs can help with different early warning systems for disasters. Two different examples presented in the article are Alertnet and even the importance of online media. The report also discusses how ICTs can be helpful in the mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery phases of disaster preparedness. In all of these different phases ICTs are a vital part of communication and can be integral in saving lives.


Measuring ICT Development

A lot of the indicators that we looked at in the different reports including, the ITU Measuring Info Society, the UN ICT Task Force, the World Economic Forum Global Information Technology Report, and the Economist Intelligence Unit Digital Economy Rankings all have different ways to classify the changes in ICT development. Since there is no universal way to measure ICT usage it is impossible to measure ICT development. This directly relates to what we are discussing in class because when discussing how ICTs can impact development, and looking at the development in different countries, there needs to be a universal way to classify and measure ICT development. Without a universal way to measure ICT development and ICT usage, it is impossible to compare countries ICT capacities. Similarly, without a universal way to measure ICT usage and development there is no way to clearly quantify the progress or changes a country has made.

In this class we are looking at technological capabilities of different countries and looking at how technology can be used for development. Without a universal indicator how will we really be able to compare the different progress between countries? We can’t decipher how technology can help a country or improve development if there is no clear way to measure the technological capabilities. The international community or UN body, needs to decide the best ways to measure ICT usage. This can be either subscribers or users or even by the amount of cell towers that a country has. By creating a solid definition, we then will be able to compare ICT usage of different nations in a way where they are being measured in the same way. If nations don’t know exactly what they need to report, then all of the reports will be different.

The report that has come closest with measuring ICT development is the World Economic Forum Global Information Technology Report. This is because the way they calculated the rankings was the most comprehensive. The report consists of 10 different pillars, each with at least 4 sub pillars. However, the problem with this ranking system is that the majority of the information in this report is provided by each individual country. For example, one of the sub pillars is the number of individuals using the internet. Since there is not a clear definition of what this means (whether it means subscriptions, or accounts, or households etc.) how is indicator properly showing which countries have better developed ICTs? Every country could be using a different set of criteria to calculate these numbers, and this is where the inherent problem lies.


L’Union Internationale des Télécommunications

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The author of this week’s reading assignment, WSIS National E-Strategies for Development, is The International Telecommunication Union, commonly referred to as the (ITU). It is in fact the specialized agency of the United Nations for Information Communication Technologies- or ICTs. Based in Geneva, Switzerland as a member of the United Nations Development Group, it shares the same bureaucratic status as UNICEF, UN-Habitat, and the UN World Food Programme. The current head of the ITU is Hamadoun Touré, and it operates within a framework of 193 member states with around 700 Sector Members and Associates.

Within this framework, the ITU attempts to connect the world through its three core divisions. The first, ITU-R, which stands for “Radiocommunication,” manages the international radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbit resources. The second, ITU-T is the sector devoted to Standardization or ‘standards making’ in addition to being the organizations oldest activity. Before 1992 this division was known as CCITT before it was shortened to its present day acronym. The third, ITU-D, stands for Development, and was created in order to help spread more sustainable access to information and communication technologies- aka ICTs. In addition to these sectors, ITU TELECOM exists to help coordinate major evens for the world’s ICT community.

The organization took its current acronym from its older full name, the International Telegraph Union, back when it was originally chartered in Paris, France in 1865. As technology has expanded and improved over time, their work has evolved from the telegraph, then to analog, and currently to digital technologies, including digital broadcasting, the Internet, mobile devices, and 3D broadcasting.

The sector that we will be dealing with here on this blog will be primarily the work of ITU-D as we discuss and dissect the current and historical work of development professionals around the globe. For more information on the ITU please visit their website and take a closer look at their history.


ICTs and e-Health for Women’s and Children’s Health

On Oct. 2, the UN’s ITU (International Telecommunication Union) will hold a workshop in Bangkok that explores the role of ICT and e-Health.

This workshop is one of the many attempts to get developing countries to reach the Millennium Development Goals set by the United Nations for 2015. As the closing year of the MDG program nears, UN agencies are doing what they can to help countries make the final push to reach the goals they had set a few years ago.