Tag Archives: WEF

Mexico ICT4D Resources

1.  The National ICT policy written 2013 by President Nieto, the document was an important step in Mexico’s ICT development . It was written officially by the office of the president and is all in Spanish. Here is another great page about the plans expected effects.

There WAS also a very important project to increase the amount of ICT’s in use by Mexican citizens called compuapoyo . It was very successful and allowed mexican citizens to purchase ICT’s at reduced prices.  Here is a video explaining

2.  Mexico’s ICT policy is overseen by the office of the president here

3. There are important non- official programs and NGO’s in Mexico that are integral to the ICT process:

The NGO that is very involved is called CUDI, it is involved in connecting Mexico’s schools, research centers, cities, and libraries. This organizations is so far very successful and has already laid down 8,000 KM of cable.

Two great newspaper article sabout the new national policy here and here

4. The resources for Mexico are relatively easy to find but they all in Spanish.  Mexico is also an interesting country to pick because they are really taking their ICT development seriously

YOU MUST AT LEAST KNOW BASIC SPANISH (on at least the 2030 level). If you know Spanish but are not fluent I would recommend this website as the best translator that is free on the internet Spanish Translator

 

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Measuring ICT Development

A lot of the indicators that we looked at in the different reports including, the ITU Measuring Info Society, the UN ICT Task Force, the World Economic Forum Global Information Technology Report, and the Economist Intelligence Unit Digital Economy Rankings all have different ways to classify the changes in ICT development. Since there is no universal way to measure ICT usage it is impossible to measure ICT development. This directly relates to what we are discussing in class because when discussing how ICTs can impact development, and looking at the development in different countries, there needs to be a universal way to classify and measure ICT development. Without a universal way to measure ICT development and ICT usage, it is impossible to compare countries ICT capacities. Similarly, without a universal way to measure ICT usage and development there is no way to clearly quantify the progress or changes a country has made.

In this class we are looking at technological capabilities of different countries and looking at how technology can be used for development. Without a universal indicator how will we really be able to compare the different progress between countries? We can’t decipher how technology can help a country or improve development if there is no clear way to measure the technological capabilities. The international community or UN body, needs to decide the best ways to measure ICT usage. This can be either subscribers or users or even by the amount of cell towers that a country has. By creating a solid definition, we then will be able to compare ICT usage of different nations in a way where they are being measured in the same way. If nations don’t know exactly what they need to report, then all of the reports will be different.

The report that has come closest with measuring ICT development is the World Economic Forum Global Information Technology Report. This is because the way they calculated the rankings was the most comprehensive. The report consists of 10 different pillars, each with at least 4 sub pillars. However, the problem with this ranking system is that the majority of the information in this report is provided by each individual country. For example, one of the sub pillars is the number of individuals using the internet. Since there is not a clear definition of what this means (whether it means subscriptions, or accounts, or households etc.) how is indicator properly showing which countries have better developed ICTs? Every country could be using a different set of criteria to calculate these numbers, and this is where the inherent problem lies.


E-Government and Connectivity at its Best: Colombia, Uruguay, and Panama

Governments live under constant pressure to meet the growing needs of their citizens with limited resources available. Countries around the world have addressed this issue by modernizing government management through the implementation of innovative e-government programs. Colombia, Uruguay, and Panama were recognized as e-government champions by the 2013 version of the World Economic Forum’s Global Information Technology Report. In Panama, thanks to PanamaEmprende, entrepreneurs can set-up a company in 15 minutes. Internet connections have more than tripled in Colombia in less than three years. In Uruguay technology exports have more than quadrupled in a decade thanks to the support the government has provided to small and mid-size tech enterprises.

Colombia’s political investment in ICTs initiated 14 years ago with the release of the National Council for Economic and Social Policy’s policy agenda for the 21st Century. The strategic document became a road map for the development of the Colombian Knowledge-based society. Colombia’s e-government success is the product of a.) Strong political support, b.) The use of ICT as a state policy, c.) Sufficient Financial Resources, d.) Addressing Citizens’ concerns, e.) International Cooperation, and f.) Institutional and workforce capacity. Uruguay also started investing in ICTs in the late 1990s and its ICT success can be attribute, among other things, to the nurturing of tis local ICT businesses. In the case of Panama, e-government success is the result of extraordinary political support from the president and cabinet members.

Despite the astonishing progress Colombia, Uruguay, and Panama have achieved in terms of e-government, many challenges still remain visible: a.) millions of people still can’t afford to access the internet and b.) funds to expand the digital infrastructure of these countries are limited.

For more information about e-government in Colombia, Uruguay, and Panama, please refer to Chapter 2.3 of the World Economic Forum’s Global Information Technology Report available here.


Profile: The World Economic Forum

WEF

The World Economic Forum (WEF) was first constructed in 1971 by a group of European business leaders who met under the partronage of the European Commission and European industrial associations. Professor of Business Policy at the University of Geneva, Klaus Schwab, first chaired the meeting, which took place in Davos, Switzerland. Professor Schwab then founded the European Management Forum as a non-profit organization. Click here to see the interactive historical timeline  for WEF.

The World Economic Forum has continued to grow to a state where , currently, “[t]he World Economic Forum is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas.”

 

Members of the World Economic Forum are leading companies in the world economy  Most members are global enterprises with more than US$ 5 billion in turnover, although this varies by industry and region. Listed below are descriptions of other participators:

  • Industry Partners- Industry Partners come from a broad range of business sectors, including construction, aviation, technology, tourism, food and beverage, energy, engineering and construction, and financial services. These companies are alert to the global issues that most affect their specific industry sector.
  • Foundation Members-Foundation Member companies drive the world economy forward. The Forum’s 1,000 Member companies are at the heart of all the activities and their support is essential in helping the Forum find truly sustainable solutions to improve the state of the world.
  • Global Growth Companies-Eligible Global Growth Companies demonstrate annual revenue between US$ 100 million and US$ 5 billion, and an average year-to-year growth rate of 15%. Importantly, GGC members are building a global business beyond their traditional markets and are committed to having a positive effect on the economies and societies in which they operate.
  • Technological Pioneers-Technology Pioneers are companies that are involved in the development of life-changing technology innovations and have the potential for a long-term impact on business and society.

The WEF publishes an annual “Global Information Technology Report” that gives an index of a country’s environment for adopting and implementing ICTs with several subindexes. The reports explains that, “the methodological framework of the Networked Readiness Index (NRI) has mapped out the enabling factors driving networked readiness, which is the capacity of countries to fully benefit from new technologies in their competitiveness strategies and their citizens’ daily lives. The Index has allowed private and public stakeholders to monitor progress for an ever-increasing number of economies all over the globe, as well as to identify competitive strengths and weaknesses in national network readiness landscapes.”

Additional information can be found at http://www.weforum.org/


Senegal National ICT Resources

National ICT Plan/Strategy:

Senegal ICT Sector Performance Review – 2009/2010, Research ICT Africa: English Version

Senegal ICT Sector Performance Review: French– 2009/2010: French Version

Guide to ICT Policy in IST-Africa Partner Countries – April 2012, IST-Africa: English

Government Website:
Plan for the promotion of ICT use, July 2012 – Senegalese Government: French

Non-Governmental Websites:

IMF Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2010– Country Report written by the International Monetary Fund including a section about ICTs as a form of poverty reduction, 2010: English

Measuring the Information Society-  International Telecommunication Union, 2012: English

Global Information Technology Report – World Economic Forum, 2012: English

UNDP Harnessing the Power and Potential of Information and Communication Technologies for Local Development– Handbook for Policy Makers written by the United Nations Development Programme: Geneva Representation Office, 2012- Gives a helpful ICT Profile breakdown for Senegal: English

Breakdown of World Bank Statistics for Senegal– Trading Economics highlights World Bank Indicators for Communications in Senegal, 2012: English

For Senegal, I found it slightly difficult to find actual documents coming from the government, as opposed to external sources writing about government decisions and policy.


Brazil National ICT Resources

Notes: Studying Brazil as your focus country may not be as difficult as studying others, but it certainly takes some digging to find the resources you will need to analyze it. Having a basic background in Portuguese will be very helpful because most of the websites for the government branches that deal with ICT are in Portuguese. Furthermore, Brazil does not have a digitally published version of their National ICT Policy; therefore, most of your sources will be non-governmental overviews of the current ICT situation in the country.

While Brazil’s actual national ICT policy cannot be found on the web, a very thorough analysis of their latest policy, namely the Productive Development Policy (PDP), which was launched in 2008, can be found here:

Another key source in analyzing Brazil’s ICT sector is this GISWatch Country Report:

This publication gives another good general overview of the ICT landscape in Brazil, as well as the other BRIC countries, China and India.

The International Telecommunications Union briefly discusses Brazil’s national policy development and e-government.

The ITU also published another report that has myriad data on Brazil and its ICT sector, complete with tables full of indicators and rankings. This one is far more helpful.

This report provides the Network Readiness Index score for Brazil (and other countries), as well as an in-depth breakdown of that score. It is great for comparing and contrasting Brazil to other countries.

The following EIU report was really only useful for the numerical score breakdown of the Digital Economy Score. It was good for comparing and contrasting Brazil to its neighbors.


Argentina National ICT Resources

Argentina National ICT Resources

Notes: Using Argentina as your country can be very challenging sometimes. I would definitely recommend having background knowledge of Spanish because most websites for the government branches that deal with ICT are entirely in Spanish. Additionally, Argentina does not have an updated National ICT Policy, therefore, most of your sources will be non-governmental overviews of the current ICT situation in the country.

 

Argentina does not have a current National ICT Policy. This link (briefly) discusses the outdated National Program for the Information Society.

Title: Analysis of the national ICT policies of Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Chile and Mexico by the Author: the FORESTA Project (non-governmental source)

http://www.forestaproject.eu/site2/results/readEbook/10

Last updated: September, 2012

Language: English

 

Because of the outdated/lack of policy, there are no sources regarding its implementation. The following link is related to the ICT centered governmental organization, FONTAR, which funds and implements innovative ICT projects.

Title: Fondo Tecnologico Argentino

Author: Agencia Nacional de Promocion Cientifica y Tecnologica (governmental source)

http://www.agencia.gov.ar/spip.php?article239

Last updated: Not available

Language: Spanish (can be read in English through Google Translate)

 

The following link includes a great general overview of different governmental organizations and general trends in the ICT sector of Argentina, including international relations in terms of ICT cooperation, it is good for answering WSIS Action Items. Also includes discussion of the government’s “White Book of ICT Prospective, Project 2020” outlining their priorities for the future of ICT.

Title: Status of ICT policy development: Country Report Argentina

Author: Promotion of an ICT Dialogue between Europe and America Latina (non-governmental source)

http://www.pro-ideal.eu/drupal/sites/default/files/D5.1_Status_of_ICT_policy_development_Country_report_Argentina.pdf

Last updated: April, 2011

Language: English

 

The International Telecommunications Union briefly discusses Argentina’s e-government initiatives in regards to WSIS Action Item 7, ICT applications.

Title: ITU’s National e-Strategies for Development

Author: International Telecommunications Union (non-governmental source)

http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/cyb/app/docs/National_estrategies_for_development_2010.pdf

Last updated: 2010

Language: English

 

This report provides the Network Readiness Index score for Argentina (and other countries), as well as an in-depth breakdown of that score. It is great for comparing and contrasting Argentina to other countries.

Title: The Global Information Technology Report 2012

Author: World Economic Forum (non-governmental source)

http://www.weforum.org/reports/global-information-technology-report-2012

Last updated: 2012

Language: English

 

The following EIU report was really only useful for the numerical score breakdown of the Digital Economy Score. It was good for comparing and contrasting Argentina to its neighbors.

Title: Digital Economy Rankings 2010

Author: Economist Intelligence Unit (non-governmental source)

http://www-935.ibm.com/services/us/gbs/bus/html/ibv-digitaleconomy2010.html?cntxt=a1000055

Last updated: 2010

Language: English

 

This report was very helpful in highlighting the gap between rural and urban provinces. It also has information on One Laptop Per Child in Argentina, Broadcasting Law, and ICT stakeholders.

Title: Country Report: Argentina [written for the Global Information Society Watch]

Author: Nodo Tau [a civil organization, based in Argentina, which seeks to get everyone in Argentina “connected”] (non-governmental source)

http://www.giswatch.org/en/country-report/civil-society-participation/argentina

Last updated: 2007

Language: English

 

This link is not really that useful in the overall paper but it is good at addressing some WSIS Action Items. It talks about Argentina’s recent struggles with increased government censorship of the media.

Title: Freedom of the Press 2011-Argentina

Author: Freedom House (non-governmental source)

http://www.freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-press/2011/argentina

Last updated: 2011

Language: English